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Calculation of a safety valve is performed using the algorithm for calculating safety valves for boilers with artificial circulation in accordance with SNiP II-35 'Boiler plants'.
In the calculation, the stroke lift height equal to 1/20 of the seat diameter is adopted, since most manufacturers do not indicate the actual stroke lift height in the technical specifications. Therefore, the type size of the safety valve obtained as a result of the calculation may be slightly overestimated. In any case, after selecting the valve, compare the thermal power of your system with the manufacturer's recommended maximum power for this type size, as stated in the technical description.
The safety valve is designed to protect systems from exceeding the maximum allowable pressure. The calculation of the safety valve should essentially be reduced to determining the most probable sources of pressure increase and calculating the maximum volume increase of water in the system.
The sources of volume increase may include:
The selected safety valve must provide for the discharge of the calculated volume of water according to the most significant of the volume increase factors.
The diameter of the inlet pipe of the selected safety valve must be greater than or equal to the diameter of the pipe obtained as a result of the calculation.
In addition to the compliance of the pipe diameter with the calculated value, it is recommended to test the safety valve for the discharge of the calculated volume of water in the event of an emergency situation. At the same time, it should be taken into account that the greater the pressure difference between the pressure at which the safety valve opens and the pressure in the discharge line, the greater the volume of water that will come out through the valve.
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